Can I Have a Sep Ira and 401k


Self-Employed Retirement Savings Options

As a self-employed individual, you have several retirement savings options to consider. Two popular choices are the Simplified Employee Pension (SEP) IRA and the 401(k) plan.


A SEP IRA is a simplified retirement savings plan designed for self-employed individuals and small businesses. It offers the following benefits:

  • Tax-deductible contributions
  • Employer (you) makes contributions on your behalf
  • No annual contribution limits for employer contributions

401(k) Plan

A 401(k) plan is a retirement savings plan offered by many employers. Self-employed individuals can also set up a 401(k) plan called a solo 401(k).

Solo 401(k) plans offer the following benefits:

  • Tax-deductible contributions for both employee (you) and employer (you)
  • Higher contribution limits than SEP IRAs ($22,500 in 2023, plus $7,500 catch-up contributions for those over age 50)
  • Can choose from a variety of investment options

Comparison of SEP IRA and Solo 401(k)

FeatureSEP IRASolo 401(k)
Contribution LimitsNo limit for employer contributions$22,500 employee contribution + $7,500 catch-up over age 50
Employer ContributionsMandatory, must contribute on behalf of all eligible employeesOptional, you can choose to make employer contributions
Tax TreatmentEmployer contributions are tax-deductibleBoth employee and employer contributions are tax-deductible
Investment OptionsLimited investment optionsMore investment options available

401(k) Plan Contributions

Contributions to a 401(k) plan are made on a pre-tax basis, meaning that they are deducted from your paycheck before taxes are calculated. This reduces your taxable income, which can save you money on your tax bill. 401(k) plans have contribution limits that vary each year. For 2023, the limit is $22,500, plus an additional $7,500 catch-up contribution for those aged 50 and older.

Employer Matching Contributions

Many employers offer matching contributions to their employees’ 401(k) plans. This means that the employer will contribute a certain amount of money to your 401(k) plan for every dollar that you contribute, up to a certain limit. Employer matching contributions are a great way to increase your retirement savings without having to contribute more of your own money.

The amount of employer matching contributions that you receive will vary depending on your employer’s plan. Some employers may match 100% of your contributions, up to a certain limit, while others may only match a certain percentage of your contributions.

401(k) plans are a great way to save for retirement. They offer tax advantages and the potential for employer matching contributions. If you are eligible to participate in a 401(k) plan, you should take advantage of it.

Contribution Limit2023
Catch-up Contribution (age 50+)$7,500

SEP IRA Contribution Limits

The maximum SEP IRA contribution limits vary depending on your employment status and whether your employer contributes to your plan. Here are the current contribution limits for 2023 and 2022:

Employment Status2023 Contribution Limit2022 Contribution Limit
Self-employed with no employees$66,000$61,000
Self-employed with employeesLower of $66,000 or 25% of net incomeLower of $61,000 or 25% of net income
Employees with employer contributionsLower of $66,000 or 100% of compensation
(up to $330,000 in 2023 and $305,000 in 2022)
Lower of $61,000 or 100% of compensation
(up to $290,000 in 2022)

In addition to regular contributions, you can also make catch-up contributions if you are age 50 or older by the end of the calendar year.

  • For 2023, the catch-up contribution limit is $7,500.
  • For 2022, the catch-up contribution limit was $6,500.

Who is Eligible for a Roth IRA?

To contribute to a Roth IRA, you must meet the following requirements:

  • Be under age 50 by the end of the year. (There is an exception for those who are age 50 or older who are not yet eligible for a 401(k) or 403(b) plan.)
  • Have a modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) below certain limits.
  • Not be married filing separately from your spouse.

The MAGI limits for Roth IRA eligibility are as follows:

Filing Status2023 MAGI Limit
Head of Household$153,000
Married Filing Jointly$218,000
Married Filing Separately$10,000

If you exceed the MAGI limits, you can still contribute to a Roth IRA, but you may have to pay taxes on your earnings when you withdraw the money.

Well, there you have it, folks! Now you’re armed with the knowledge to navigate the SEP IRA and 401(k) landscape like a pro. Remember, always consult with a qualified financial advisor before making any major investments. Keep an eye out for more finance tips and tricks on our website. And remember to stop by again soon – we’ve got plenty more money-saving secrets up our sleeves!