Can You Contribute to 401k and 403b

401(k) and 403(b) plans are employer-sponsored retirement savings plans that offer tax benefits. With 401(k) plans, contributions are made pre-tax from your paycheck, meaning you pay less in taxes upfront. 403(b) plans are similar but are available to employees of public schools and certain other tax-exempt organizations. In both cases, the money you contribute grows tax-deferred, meaning you don’t pay taxes on the earnings until you withdraw them in retirement. You can contribute up to a certain limit each year, and your employer may offer matching contributions, which can further boost your savings.

401(k) and 403(b) Contribution Limits

401(k) and 403(b) plans are tax-advantaged retirement savings plans offered by many employers. They allow employees to save for retirement on a pre-tax basis, reducing their current taxable income.

401(k) Contribution Limits

The annual contribution limits for 401(k) plans are as follows:

  • Employee elective deferrals: $22,500 for 2023 ($20,500 in 2022)
  • Catch-up contributions (age 50 or older): $7,500 for 2023 ($6,500 in 2022)

In addition to these limits, employers can also make matching contributions to employee 401(k) accounts. These contributions are not included in the employee’s contribution limit.

403(b) Contribution Limits

The annual contribution limits for 403(b) plans are the same as those for 401(k) plans.

However, there is one important difference between 401(k) and 403(b) plans: 403(b) plans allow for additional catch-up contributions for certain employees who have 15 years of service with the employer. These catch-up contributions are limited to $3,000 per year.

Contribution Limits Table

Employee elective deferrals$22,500$20,500
Catch-up contributions (age 50 or older)$7,500$6,500

401(b) Contribution Limits

The amount you can contribute to your 401(b) depends on whether your employer offers matching contributions and your age. In 2023, the annual contribution limit is $22,500 for employees under age 50, and $30,000 for those age 50 and older.

If your employer offers matching contributions, you may be able to contribute more than the limit. However, your total contributions, including matching contributions, cannot exceed $66,000 in 2023 ($73,500 for those age 50 and older).

Here are the key contribution limits for 401(b) plans in 2023:

  • Employee contribution limit: $22,500 ($30,000 for those age 50 and older)
  • Employer matching contribution limit: $6,500 ($7,500 for those age 50 and older)
  • Total contribution limit: $66,000 ($73,500 for those age 50 and older)

In addition to these limits, you may also be able to make catch-up contributions if you are age 50 or older.

401(b) Contribution Limits in 2023
AgeEmployee Contribution LimitEmployer Matching Contribution LimitTotal Contribution Limit
Under 50$22,500$6,500$66,000
50 and older$30,000$7,500$73,500

401k and 403b Contribution Eligibility

Many employers offer retirement savings plans to their employees, including 401k and 403b plans. These plans allow employees to contribute a portion of their income on a pre-tax basis, reducing their current taxable income and potentially growing their retirement savings.

Eligibility for 401k Plans

  • Most employees who work for companies that offer 401k plans are eligible to participate.
  • Eligibility may be based on factors such as age, length of service, or employment status.
  • Employees who are self-employed or own small businesses may be able to establish their own 401k plans.

Eligibility for 403(b) Plans

403(b) plans are retirement savings plans specifically designed for employees of certain tax-exempt organizations, such as public schools, colleges, and hospitals.

Employee TypeEligibility
TeachersTypically eligible
Other public school employeesMay be eligible
College and university employeesTypically eligible
Hospital employeesMay be eligible

Withdrawal Rules for 401(k) and 403(b) Plans

401(k) and 403(b) plans are tax-advantaged retirement savings plans offered by employers. Withdrawals from these plans are subject to certain rules to ensure that the funds are used for retirement purposes. Here are the key withdrawal rules for 401(k) and 403(b) plans:

Minimum Age Requirement

  • Withdrawals before age 59½ are subject to a 10% early withdrawal penalty, unless an exception applies.
  • Required minimum distributions (RMDs) must begin at age 72.

Exceptions to Early Withdrawal Penalty

There are several exceptions to the 10% early withdrawal penalty, including:

  • Withdrawals for qualified education expenses
  • Withdrawals for first-time home purchases (up to $10,000)
  • Withdrawals due to disability
  • Withdrawals after age 55 due to separation from service

Required Minimum Distributions (RMDs)

Once you reach age 72, you must begin taking RMDs from your 401(k) and 403(b) plans. The amount of your RMD is calculated based on your account balance and life expectancy.

Failure to take RMDs can result in a 50% tax penalty on the amount that should have been withdrawn.

Tax Treatment of Withdrawals

Withdrawals from 401(k) and 403(b) plans are generally taxed as income in the year they are taken. However, there are some exceptions, such as:

  • Qualified Roth 401(k) and 403(b) withdrawals are tax-free.
  • Withdrawals used to pay medical expenses may be eligible for a medical expense deduction.

Table of Withdrawal Rules

| Rule | 401(k) | 403(b) |
| Minimum age requirement | 59½ | 59½ |
| Early withdrawal penalty | 10% | 10% |
| Exceptions to early withdrawal penalty | Yes | Yes |
| Required minimum distributions (RMDs) | Yes (age 72) | Yes (age 72) |
| Tax treatment of withdrawals | Taxed as income | Taxed as income |
| Roth withdrawals | Tax-free | Tax-free |
| Medical expense withdrawals | May be eligible for deduction | May be eligible for deduction |
And that’s a wrap, folks! Whether you’re a 401(k) or 403(b) fan, or just curious about your retirement options, we hope this article has shed some light on the topic. Remember, these plans are designed to help you save for your golden years, so if you’re not already contributing, consider it! And thanks for sticking with us until the end. Don’t forget to check back in the future for more financial tidbits and savings strategies. Until next time, keep counting those pennies and planning for a comfortable retirement!