Can You Rollover Ira to 401k

Rolling over an IRA (Individual Retirement Account) to a 401(k) plan is an option available to many individuals who want to consolidate their retirement savings or take advantage of the investment options offered by 401(k)s. During a rollover, funds from the IRA are transferred directly to the 401(k), allowing individuals to keep their retirement savings tax-deferred. The process typically involves contacting the 401(k) plan provider and requesting a rollover form, and then initiating the transfer from the IRA custodian. It’s important to consider factors such as age, income, and tax implications before making a decision about a rollover, and consulting with a financial advisor or tax professional is recommended for personalized guidance.

IRA to 401(k) Rollover Rules

Rolling over funds from an individual retirement account (IRA) to a 401(k) plan can be a strategic move to consolidate retirement savings and potentially gain access to lower fees and investment options. However, there are specific rules and limitations that govern these rollovers.


  • You must be employed by the company sponsoring the 401(k) plan.
  • The plan must allow rollovers from IRAs.

Types of Rollovers

  • Direct Rollover: Funds are transferred directly from the IRA trustee to the 401(k) plan without passing through your hands. This is the preferred method as it avoids any tax implications.
  • 60-Day Rollover: You receive a distribution from the IRA and have 60 days to roll it over into the 401(k). Any funds not rolled over within this period will be subject to income tax and potentially a 10% early withdrawal penalty if you are under age 59½.


  • You can only roll over funds from a traditional or Roth IRA to a 401(k) plan of the same type (e.g., traditional to traditional or Roth to Roth).
  • The maximum amount you can roll over each year is limited to the amount you receive from your IRA.
  • If you have multiple IRAs, you can roll them over into a single 401(k) plan.

Tax Implications

  • Direct Rollover: No tax implications.
  • 60-Day Rollover: If the funds are not rolled over within 60 days, they will be treated as a distribution from the IRA and subject to income tax.
  • Roth IRA rollovers to traditional 401(k) plans are taxable. However, qualified Roth IRA distributions (after age 59½) are not subject to income tax.
  • Procedure

    • Contact the trustee of your IRA and request a distribution.
    • Contact the administrator of your 401(k) plan and request a rollover form.
    • Complete the forms and submit them to the respective institutions.


    Rollover TypeTimeline
    Direct RolloverNo 60-day limit
    60-Day RolloverFunds must be rolled over within 60 days of receipt from the IRA


    • Understand the tax implications and potential fees associated with the rollover.
    • Review the investment options and fees of both the IRA and 401(k) plan.
    • Consult with a financial professional to determine if an IRA to 401(k) rollover is the right move for your specific situation.

    Benefits and Drawbacks of IRA to 401(k) Rollovers

    An Individual Retirement Account (IRA) and a 401(k) plan are both retirement savings accounts. However, there are some key differences between the two types of accounts. One difference is that 401(k) plans are typically sponsored by employers, while IRAs are not.

    Another difference is that 401(k) plans have higher contribution limits than IRAs. For 2023, the contribution limit for a traditional IRA is $6,500 ($7,500 if you are age 50 or older). The contribution limit for a 401(k) plan is $22,500 ($30,000 if you are age 50 or older).

    If you are considering rolling over an IRA to a 401(k) plan, there are a few things you should keep in mind. Here are some of the benefits and drawbacks of IRA to 401(k) rollovers:


    • Higher contribution limits. 401(k) plans have higher contribution limits than IRAs, so you can save more money for retirement.
    • Employer matching contributions. Many employers offer matching contributions to their employees’ 401(k) plans. This can be a great way to boost your retirement savings.
    • Tax-deferred growth. Money in a 401(k) plan grows tax-deferred, which means you don’t have to pay taxes on it until you withdraw it in retirement.


    • Investment options may be limited. 401(k) plans typically offer a limited number of investment options, so you may not have as much control over your investments as you would with an IRA.
    • Early withdrawal penalties. If you withdraw money from a 401(k) plan before you reach age 59½, you may have to pay a 10% early withdrawal penalty.
    • Required minimum distributions. When you reach age 72, you must start taking required minimum distributions (RMDs) from your 401(k) plan. If you don’t take RMDs, you may have to pay a 50% penalty.
    Higher contribution limitsInvestment options may be limited
    Employer matching contributionsEarly withdrawal penalties
    Tax-deferred growthRequired minimum distributions

    Ultimately, the decision of whether or not to roll over an IRA to a 401(k) plan is a personal one. You should weigh the benefits and drawbacks carefully before making a decision.

    Tax Implications of IRA to 401(k) Rollovers

    Rolling over an IRA to a 401(k) can have tax implications. Here is a breakdown of the potential tax consequences:

    • Tax-free rollovers: If you roll over your IRA assets into a 401(k) plan at the same employer, the transaction is tax-free. This means you will not have to pay income tax on the funds that are rolled over.
    • Taxable rollovers: If you roll over your IRA assets into a 401(k) plan at a different employer, the transaction is taxable. This means you will have to pay income tax on the funds that are rolled over. However, you can avoid paying taxes on the rollover if you meet certain requirements, such as being 59½ years old or older, or if you are rolling over the funds to a Roth 401(k).

    In addition to the above, there are also some other tax considerations to keep in mind when rolling over an IRA to a 401(k), such as:

    • Required minimum distributions: Required minimum distributions (RMDs) are the minimum amount of money that you must withdraw from your retirement accounts each year. If you have rolled over your IRA assets into a 401(k), you will need to start taking RMDs from the 401(k) once you reach age 72. Failure to take RMDs can result in a 50% excise tax on the amount that you should have withdrawn.
    • Early withdrawal penalties: If you withdraw money from your 401(k) before you reach age 59½, you may have to pay a 10% early withdrawal penalty. Certain exceptions apply to this rule, such as if you are withdrawing the money to pay for qualified medical expenses, or if you are disabled.

    It is important to carefully consider the tax implications of rolling over an IRA to a 401(k) before you make a decision. You should also consult with a tax advisor to get personalized advice on your specific situation.

    Type of RolloverTaxable?Required Minimum Distributions?Early Withdrawal Penalties?
    Same employerNoYesYes
    Different employerYesYesYes

    How to Execute an IRA to 401(k) Rollover

    An IRA to 401(k) rollover allows you to transfer funds from your Individual Retirement Account (IRA) to your employer-sponsored 401(k) plan. Here’s how to do it:

    1. Contact Your 401(k) Provider: Inquire about their rollover process and whether they accept IRA rollovers.
    2. Initiate a Rollover Form: Your 401(k) provider will provide a rollover form for you to complete.
    3. Determine Your Transfer Amount: Decide how much of your IRA you want to transfer to your 401(k).
    4. Contact Your IRA Custodian: Inform them of your rollover request and provide them with the rollover form.
    5. Direct Transfer: The IRA custodian will directly transfer the funds to your 401(k) provider, completing the rollover.

    Note: Rollovers are generally tax-free, but there may be exceptions or penalties for certain types of IRAs or rollovers.

    Tax Implications of IRA to 401(k) Rollovers
    IRA TypeTax Implications
    Traditional IRATax-free, but any future withdrawals from the 401(k) will be taxed as income
    Roth IRATax-free, both at the time of the rollover and at the time of withdrawal

    Thanks for taking the time to read about IRA rollovers to 401(k)s. I hope this information has been helpful. If you have any other questions, please don’t hesitate to contact us. In the meantime, be sure to check back soon for more retirement planning tips and advice.