Does 401k Match Count Towards Limit

A 401(k) match is a contribution made by an employer to an employee’s 401(k) retirement plan. The employer’s contribution is typically made on a dollar-for-dollar basis, up to a certain percentage of the employee’s salary. For example, an employer may match 50% of an employee’s contributions, up to a maximum of 6%. The 401(k) match is considered part of the employee’s total compensation and is subject to the same contribution limits as employee contributions. This means that the employee’s total contributions to their 401(k) plan, including both their own contributions and any employer match, cannot exceed the annual contribution limit.

Employer Contributions and Match Limits

401(k) plans are retirement savings accounts offered by employers to their employees. Employees can contribute a portion of their paycheck to the plan, and employers may also make matching contributions. However, there are limits on how much money can be contributed to a 401(k) plan each year.

The annual contribution limit for 401(k) plans is $22,500 for 2023. This limit applies to both employee contributions and employer matching contributions. However, catch-up contributions for employees age 50 and older are allowed up to $7,500 in 2023.

Employer matching contributions are not considered part of the employee’s contribution limit. This means that employees can contribute the full $22,500 to their 401(k) plan, even if their employer contributes a matching amount.

For example, if an employee contributes $10,000 to their 401(k) plan and their employer contributes a $5,000 match, the employee’s total contribution limit is still $22,500. This is because the employer’s match is not considered part of the employee’s contribution.

The table below shows the 401(k) contribution limits for 2023:

Contribution TypeLimit
Employee Contributions$22,500
Catch-up Contributions (age 50+)$7,500
Employer Matching ContributionsNot limited

Impact of Matching Contributions on Employee Limit

Employer matching contributions to 401(k) plans can impact the employee’s annual contribution limit. Here’s an explanation:

  • Employee Contribution Limit: The annual limit for employee contributions to 401(k) plans is $22,500 for 2023 ($30,000 for those age 50 or older).
  • Matching Contributions: Employers may contribute a certain percentage of an employee’s salary to their 401(k) plan as a “match.” These contributions are not subject to the employee’s contribution limit.
  • Impact on Limit: Matching contributions reduce the amount that an employee can contribute to their 401(k) on a pre-tax basis. For example, if an employee’s salary is $100,000 and their employer matches 5%, the maximum employee contribution would be $21,250 ($22,500 – $5,000 match).

To summarize, while matching contributions are not directly counted towards the employee’s contribution limit, they can indirectly affect it by reducing the amount that the employee can contribute on a pre-tax basis.

Employee Contribution LimitMatching ContributionsReduced Employee Contribution Limit
$22,5005% ($5,000)$21,250

Does 401k Match Count Towards Limit?

In general, 401k match contributions made by an employer do not count towards the annual contribution limit. This means that both the employee and the employer can contribute up to the annual limit ($20,500 for 2023 and $22,500 for those age 50 and older) without exceeding the overall limit. The match is essentially a bonus contribution from the employer that is added to the employee’s retirement savings.

However, there are certain circumstances where 401k match contributions may impact the employee’s annual contribution limit, particularly in the context of non-profit and government 401k plans.

Coordination with Non-Profit and Government 401k Plans

Non-Profit 401k Plans

  • In the case of non-profit 401k plans, the match may reduce the employee’s elective deferral limit on a dollar-for-dollar basis. For example, if the annual limit is $20,500 and the employer contributes a 5% match, the employee’s maximum elective deferral would be $19,500 ($20,500 – $1,000 match).

Government 401k Plans

  • For governmental 401k plans (also known as 457 plans), the match may also affect the employee’s contribution limit, but the rules are slightly different.
  • In 457 plans, the employee’s elective deferral limit is typically lower than the 401k limit, and the employer match is considered part of the elective deferral for purposes of calculating the overall limit.
  • For example, if the annual elective deferral limit for a 457 plan is $20,000 and the employer contributes a 5% match, the employee’s maximum elective deferral would be $19,000 ($20,000 – $1,000 match).
Plan TypeEmployee Elective Deferral LimitEmployer Match Impact
401k (general)$20,500 ($22,500 for age 50+)Does not count towards limit
Non-Profit 401k$20,500 ($22,500 for age 50+)Reduces elective deferral limit dollar-for-dollar
Government 457Lower than 401k limitMatch is considered part of elective deferral for limit calculation

It’s important to note that these rules may vary depending on the specific plan and employer, so it’s always best to consult with your plan administrator or financial advisor to determine how your 401k match contributions impact your annual contribution limit.


401k Match and Contribution Limits

A 401k is a retirement savings plan offered by many employers. Contributions to a 401k are made on a pre-tax basis, which means that they are deducted from your paycheck before taxes are calculated. This can save you a significant amount of money on taxes now, and it can also help you to grow your retirement savings more quickly.

Many employers offer a 401k match, which means that they will contribute a certain amount of money to your 401k for each dollar that you contribute. This is a great way to boost your retirement savings, and it can help you to reach your retirement goals faster.

Roth 401k Match and Limit Considerations

Roth 401ks are similar to traditional 401ks, but they have different tax implications. With a Roth 401k, you contribute after-tax dollars, which means that you do not get a tax break now. However, your withdrawals in retirement are tax-free. Roth 401ks also have different contribution limits than traditional 401ks.

For 2023, the contribution limit for a traditional 401k is $22,500 ($30,000 if you are age 50 or older). The contribution limit for a Roth 401k is $20,500 ($27,000 if you are age 50 or older). Employers are not required to match Roth 401k contributions, but if they do, the match will count towards the overall 401k contribution limit. This means that if your employer matches your Roth 401k contributions, you may not be able to contribute as much to your traditional 401k.

It is important to consider your individual financial situation and retirement goals when deciding whether to contribute to a traditional 401k or a Roth 401k. If you are not sure which type of 401k is right for you, you should talk to a financial advisor.

401k TypeContribution LimitEmployer Match
Traditional 401k$22,500 ($30,000 if age 50+)Yes
Roth 401k$20,500 ($27,000 if age 50+)May or may not be offered