The 401(k) contribution limit refers to the maximum amount of money that an employee can contribute to their 401(k) plan on a pre-tax basis each year. This limit does not include employer contributions. Therefore, the 401(k) max does not include employer contributions. The employer can choose to make matching contributions up to a certain percentage of the employee’s salary, but these contributions do not count towards the employee’s contribution limit.

## Understanding 401k Contribution Limits

401k plans offer a tax-advantaged way to save for retirement. Each year, employees are allowed to contribute up to a certain amount to their 401k plan. The amount of money that an employee can contribute is known as the contribution limit. The contribution limit for 2023 is $22,500, and the limit for those who are 50 or older is $30,000.

In addition to employee contributions, employers can also make contributions to their employees’ 401k plans. Employer contributions are not subject to the same contribution limits as employee contributions. However, the total amount of money that an employee and their employer can contribute to a 401k plan is limited. The maximum amount that an employee and their employer can contribute to a 401k plan in 2023 is $66,000 ($73,500 for those who are 50 or older).

### Does the 401k Max Include Employer Contributions?

- The answer is no, the 401k max does not include employer contributions.
- The 401k max is the maximum amount of money that an employee can contribute to their 401k plan each year.
- Employer contributions are not subject to the same contribution limits as employee contributions.
- The maximum amount that an employee and their employer can contribute to a 401k plan in 2023 is $66,000 ($73,500 for those who are 50 or older).

Year | Employee Contribution Limit | Employer Contribution Limit | Total Contribution Limit |
---|---|---|---|

2023 | $22,500 | $66,000 | $73,500 |

## Employer Matching vs. Employee Contributions

The 401(k) limit includes both employee contributions and employer matching contributions. However, there are different limits for each type of contribution.

**Employee contributions**: The maximum amount that an employee can contribute to their 401(k) plan in 2023 is $22,500. This limit is up from $20,500 in 2022.**Employer matching contributions**: The maximum amount that an employer can match employee contributions is $66,000 in 2023. This limit is up from $61,000 in 2022. However, employer matching contributions do not count toward the limit on employee contributions.

This means that the total amount that you can contribute to your 401(k) plan in 2023 is $66,000, including both employee contributions and employer matching contributions.

It is important to note that the 401(k) limits are “per-participant” limits. This means that the limits apply to each individual who participates in a 401(k) plan. For example, if you have two jobs and each job offers a 401(k) plan, you can contribute up to the maximum limit ($22,500) to each plan. However, the total amount that you can contribute to both plans cannot exceed the overall limit ($66,000).

Here is a table summarizing the 401(k) limits for 2023:

Type of Contribution | 2023 Limit |
---|---|

Employee contributions | $22,500 |

Employer matching contributions | $66,000 |

## Impact of Employer Contributions on 401k Contributions

Employer contributions can affect the amount you can contribute to your 401k plan. The 401k contribution limit is set by the IRS each year, and it includes both employee and employer contributions. For 2023, the 401k contribution limit is $22,500, and the catch-up contribution limit for those age 50 and older is $7,500.

If your employer makes matching contributions to your 401k plan, those contributions will count towards the annual limit. For example, if your employer matches your contributions up to 5%, and you contribute $1,000 to your 401k, your employer will contribute an additional $500. This means that you will have contributed a total of $1,500 to your 401k, even though you only put in $1,000.

If you are considering making catch-up contributions, you should be aware that the catch-up contribution limit is also subject to the overall 401k contribution limit. This means that if your employer makes matching contributions, you may not be able to make the full catch-up contribution.

The following table summarizes the impact of employer contributions on 401k contributions:

Employer Contribution | Employee Contribution | Total Contribution |
---|---|---|

0% | $22,500 | $22,500 |

5% | $20,250 | $22,500 |

10% | $18,000 | $22,500 |

As you can see, the more your employer contributes to your 401k, the less you can contribute yourself. However, it is important to remember that employer contributions are a valuable benefit, and they can help you save more for retirement.

## 401k Contribution Limits

Individuals can elect to have a portion of their paycheck deposited into a 401k account.

This can reduce their taxable income and provide tax-deferred growth on their investment.

In 2023, the annual limit on employee pre-2023 tax-year, traditional, and Roth 401k

contributions is $22,550 and for employees who are at least 50 years of age,

the limit is increased by an additional catch-up amount of $7,500 for a total limit of $30,100.

## Employer Contributions

In addition to employee-elected funds, most 401k plans allow for

employer-matching funds.

Employer-matching funds are typically limited to a certain

percentage of the employee’s own contribution.

Employer-matching funds are not included in the employee’s 401k contribution limit.

In 2023, the annual limit on employee pre-2023 tax-year, traditional, and Roth 401k

contributions is $22,550 and for employees who are at least 50 years of age,

the limit is increased by an additional catch-up amount of $7,500 for a total limit of $30,100.

## Example

The table below shows an example of how 401k contribution limits work for employees

at different ages.

Age | Contribution Amount |
---|---|

Under 50 | $22,550 |

50 or older | $30,100 |

Well, there you have it, folks! Hopefully, this article has cleared up any lingering questions you might have had about whether your 401k max includes employer contributions. Remember, it’s always a good idea to double-check with your employer or plan administrator to get the most accurate and up-to-date information. Thanks for reading, and swing by again soon for more retirement savings tips and insights. Stay financially savvy, my friends!