How to Cash Out 401k With Fidelity

To withdraw funds from your 401(k) account with Fidelity, you can initiate the process online, over the phone, or in person at a Fidelity Investor Center. If you choose to do it online, log in to your Fidelity account, navigate to the 401(k) section, and select the “Withdraw” option. Enter the amount you wish to withdraw and review the details before submitting the request. For phone withdrawals, call Fidelity’s customer service line and provide your account information and withdrawal instructions. In-person withdrawals require a visit to a Fidelity Investor Center, where you’ll need to present your ID and complete a withdrawal form. The withdrawn funds will typically be deposited into your designated bank account within a few business days.

Understanding Withdrawal Options

Before withdrawing funds from your 401(k) with Fidelity, it’s crucial to understand the available withdrawal options and their potential consequences:

  • Traditional Withdrawal: Withdrawals from a traditional 401(k) are typically taxed as ordinary income, potentially increasing your tax liability in the year of withdrawal.
  • Roth Withdrawal: Withdrawals from a Roth 401(k) are tax-free if certain conditions are met, such as holding the account for at least five years and being at least 59.5 years old.
  • Hardship Withdrawal: In certain limited circumstances, you may be able to withdraw funds from your 401(k) before retirement without paying a 10% penalty. However, you will still be required to pay income taxes on the withdrawal.
  • Loan: If your plan allows, you can borrow against your 401(k) balance. Loans must be repaid within a certain timeframe, typically five years, or you will be subject to income tax and a 10% penalty.

Step-by-Step Withdrawal Instructions

  1. Review Plan Rules and Eligibility: Determine if you are eligible for a withdrawal and check any specific rules or restrictions outlined in your plan.
  2. Choose Withdrawal Option: Select the withdrawal option that best aligns with your financial situation and tax implications.
  3. Contact Fidelity: Reach out to Fidelity through their website, mobile app, or phone line to initiate the withdrawal process.
  4. Submit Form: Complete and submit the necessary withdrawal form, providing Fidelity with your account information and withdrawal instructions.
  5. Verify Identity: Fidelity may request additional documentation to verify your identity, such as a driver’s license or passport.
  6. Approval and Processing: Once your withdrawal request is approved, Fidelity will process the transaction and send the funds to your designated bank account or address.

Tax Considerations

Withdrawal OptionTax Implications
Traditional WithdrawalTaxed as ordinary income in the year of withdrawal
Roth WithdrawalTax-free if held for at least 5 years and withdrawn after age 59.5
Hardship WithdrawalIncome taxes due, but 10% penalty may be waived
LoanNo immediate tax consequences, but interest charged and 10% penalty applies if not repaid on time

Tax Implications of Cashing Out

Withdrawing money from your 401(k) before you reach age 59½ can trigger income taxes and a 10% early withdrawal penalty. The tax rate will depend on your tax bracket, and the penalty will be added to your tax bill.

Here is a table summarizing the tax implications of cashing out your 401(k):

AgeTax RatePenalty
Under 59½Regular income tax rate + 10% penaltyYes
59½ or olderRegular income tax rateNo

Required Minimum Distributions

As you approach retirement age, you must start taking Required Minimum Distributions (RMDs) from your 401(k) account. RMDs are the minimum amount you must withdraw each year to avoid a penalty tax. The age at which you must begin taking RMDs is 72, but you can delay until 73 if you are still working.

You can calculate your RMD using the following formula:

RMD = (Account balance as of December 31 of the previous year) ÷ (Life expectancy factor)

The life expectancy factor is determined by the IRS and is based on your age and gender.

You must withdraw your RMD by April 1 of each year. If you do not withdraw your RMD on time, you will be subject to a penalty tax of 50% of the amount that should have been withdrawn.

There are a few exceptions to the RMD rules. You do not have to take RMDs if you are:

* Still working and under age 72
* Disabled and under age 72
* Not yet 72 and have less than $100,000 in your 401(k) account

If you meet one of these exceptions, you can continue to defer taking RMDs until you reach age 72. However, you will need to start taking RMDs once you reach age 73, regardless of your employment status or account balance.

Penalty-Free Withdrawals

Normally, withdrawals from a 401(k) before age 59½ are subject to a 10% penalty. However, there are a few exceptions to this rule, including:

  • Substantially equal periodic payments: You can take penalty-free withdrawals if you receive substantially equal periodic payments (SEPPs) for at least five years or until you reach age 59½, whichever comes first.
  • Birth or adoption of a child: You can withdraw up to $5,000 for the birth or adoption of a child.
  • Disability: You can withdraw funds if you become disabled and unable to work.
  • Hardship: You can withdraw funds for certain hardships, such as medical expenses, tuition fees, or funeral expenses.
  • Death: If you die, your beneficiaries can withdraw your funds without penalty.

If you qualify for one of these exceptions, you will need to provide Fidelity with documentation to support your claim. Fidelity will then review your request and determine if you are eligible for a penalty-free withdrawal.

Exceptions to 10% Early Withdrawal Penalty
Substantially equal periodic payments (SEPPs)
  • Must receive payments for at least five years or until age 59½
  • Payments must be substantially equal
Birth or adoption of a childCan withdraw up to $5,000 per child
DisabilityMust be disabled and unable to work
HardshipCan withdraw funds for certain hardships, such as:

  • Medical expenses
  • Tuition fees
  • Funeral expenses
DeathBeneficiaries can withdraw funds without penalty

Thanks for sticking with me through this deep dive on cashing out your 401(k) with Fidelity. I hope it’s helped you navigate the process with ease. Remember, it’s crucial to consider the potential tax implications and consult a financial advisor if you have any questions or concerns. If you’re looking for more personal finance tips, be sure to check back soon. I’ll be sharing more insights to help you make the most of your financial future. Until then, keep your wallet full and your money goals within reach!