How to Report 401k Withdrawal on Tax Return

When you withdraw funds from your 401k retirement account, it is important to report the withdrawal on your tax return. The amount you withdraw will be included in your taxable income, and you may also owe taxes and penalties depending on your age and the type of withdrawal. To report a 401k withdrawal, complete Form 1099-R, which is provided by the financial institution that manages your account. You will need to include the amount of the withdrawal, as well as any taxes and penalties withheld. You should attach Form 1099-R to your tax return and include it with your other income documents. If you have any questions about reporting a 401k withdrawal, you should consult with a tax professional for guidance.

Taxability of 401k Withdrawals

Withdrawals from a 401(k) plan are generally subject to income tax. However, there are some exceptions to this rule. Withdrawals that are made after the age of 59½ are not subject to the 10% early withdrawal penalty. Additionally, withdrawals that are made due to disability or death are also not subject to the penalty.

The amount of tax that you will owe on a 401(k) withdrawal depends on your tax bracket. If you are in the 12% tax bracket, you will owe 12% of the amount of the withdrawal. If you are in the 22% tax bracket, you will owe 22% of the amount of the withdrawal, and so on.

Avoiding the 10% Early Withdrawal Penalty

  • Wait until you are 59½ years old to withdraw money from your 401(k).
  • Withdraw money from your 401(k) due to disability.
  • Withdraw money from your 401(k) due to death.
  • Withdraw money from your 401(k) to pay for qualified higher education expenses.
  • Withdraw money from your 401(k) to pay for certain medical expenses.
  • Withdraw money from your 401(k) to pay for the first-time purchase of a home.

Reporting 401(k) Withdrawals on Your Tax Return

You will need to report any 401(k) withdrawals on your tax return. You will do this by completing Form 1099-R, which is provided by your plan administrator. Form 1099-R will show the amount of the withdrawal, as well as the amount of tax that was withheld.

You will need to include the information from Form 1099-R on your tax return. You will do this by completing Schedule 1 (Form 1040), which is used to report income from pensions and annuities.

Table: Taxability of 401(k) Withdrawals

Withdrawal ReasonTaxableEarly Withdrawal Penalty
Age 59½ or olderYesNo
DisabilityYesNo
DeathYesNo
Qualified higher education expensesYesNo
Certain medical expensesYesNo
First-time purchase of a homeYesNo
OtherYesYes

Reporting 401k Withdrawals on Form 1040

Withdrawing money from your 401(k) retirement plan can have tax implications that you need to be aware of when filing your tax return. Here’s how to report 401(k) withdrawals on your Form 1040:

Form 1040

Distributions from 401(k) plans are reported on Form 1040, the main income tax return form. The specific line where you report the withdrawal depends on the type of distribution you received:

  • Regular distributions: Line 4a of Form 1040
  • Qualified distributions: Line 4b of Form 1040
  • Non-qualified distributions: Line 5a of Form 1040

Qualified Distributions

Qualified distributions are withdrawals made after the age of 59½ and meet certain other requirements. These distributions are taxed at your ordinary income tax rate. However, part or all of the distribution may be eligible for the qualified dividend and capital gains tax rates if specific criteria are met.

**Non-Qualified Distributions**

Non-qualified distributions are withdrawals made before the age of 59½ or do not meet the requirements for qualified distributions. These distributions are subject to income tax at your ordinary income tax rate and an additional 10% early withdrawal penalty tax unless an exception applies.

Exceptions to the Early Withdrawal Penalty

There are several exceptions to the early withdrawal penalty, including:

  • Withdrawals up to $10,000 to pay for qualified first-time homebuyer expenses
  • Withdrawals to pay for college tuition and related expenses
  • Withdrawals due to disability or financial hardship
  • Withdrawals made after the account owner reaches age 59½

Reporting the Early Withdrawal Penalty

If you are subject to the early withdrawal penalty, you must report the amount of the penalty on line 7 of Form 5329, Additional Taxes Attributable to IRAs, Other Qualified Retirement Plans, Annuities, and Modified Endowment Contracts.

Worksheet to Calculate the Tax

The IRS provides a worksheet in the Form 1040 instructions to help you calculate the tax on your 401(k) withdrawal. The worksheet can be found on page 32 of the 2022 Form 1040 instructions.

Table

| Distribution Type | Form 1040 Line | Taxable Amount |
|—|—|—|
| Regular distribution | Line 4a | 100% |
| Qualified distribution | Line 4b | May be eligible for reduced tax rates |
| Non-qualified distribution | Line 5a | 100% + 10% penalty (unless an exception applies) |

souffrance
Whew! We made it through the maze of 401k withdrawals and tax reporting. Thanks for sticking with me through all the jargon and numbers. Remember, it’s always best to consult with a tax professional if you have doubts. I appreciate you taking the time to explore this topic with me, and I hope you found it helpful. Be sure to return for more tax-related insights in the future!