What Are the Limits for 401k Contributions

The limits for 401k contributions vary depending on your age and income. For 2023, the contribution limit for employees under age 50 is $22,500, while employees aged 50 and over can contribute an additional $7,500 as a catch-up contribution, for a total of $30,000. The annual limit for employer contributions is $66,000, or $73,500 for employees aged 50 and over. However, there are additional limits based on your income and the type of plan you have. If you exceed the contribution limits, you may be subject to penalties. It’s important to check with your employer or a financial advisor to determine your specific contribution limits and avoid any potential issues.

Employee Contribution Limits

For 2023, the annual contribution limit for employees is $22,500 (plus an additional $7,500 catch-up contribution limit for participants who are age 50 or older by the end of the calendar year).

Employer Contribution Limits

Employer contributions are not subject to the employee contribution limits. The annual limit on employer contributions to defined contribution plans, including 401(k) plans, is $66,000 for 2023 (plus an additional $11,000 catch-up contribution for participants who are age 50 or older by the end of the calendar year).

2023 401(k) Contribution Limits
Contribution TypeEmployee LimitEmployer Limit
Regular Contributions$22,500$66,000
Catch-Up Contributions (age 50 or older)$7,500$11,000
Total Limit$30,000$77,000

401(k) Contribution Limits

401(k) plans are employer-sponsored retirement savings plans that allow employees to contribute a portion of their salary on a pre-tax basis. The amount you can contribute to your 401(k) each year is limited by the IRS, and these limits are adjusted annually for inflation.

2023 Contribution Limits

  • $22,500 for individuals under age 50
  • $30,000 for individuals age 50 and older

Catch-Up Contributions for Individuals Aged 50 and Older

Individuals who are age 50 or older can make catch-up contributions to their 401(k) plans. These contributions are in addition to the regular contribution limits.

  • The catch-up contribution limit for 2023 is $7,500.
  • Catch-up contributions are not subject to the same income limits as regular contributions.

401(k) Contribution Limits Table

| Age | Regular Contribution Limit | Catch-Up Contribution Limit |
|—|—|—|
| Under 50 | $22,500 | N/A |
| 50 and older | $30,000 | $7,500 |

It’s important to note that the 401(k) contribution limits do not include employer matching contributions. Employers can contribute up to 100% of your salary to your 401(k) plan, but these contributions are not subject to the same limits as employee contributions.

Annual Compensation Limit

The annual compensation limit for 2023 is $330,000 ($275,000 + $55,000 catch-up contribution for those 50 and older).

This means that your employer can only contribute up to $22,500 ($20,500 + $2,000 catch-up contribution) to your 401(k) plan in 2023, even if you earn more than $330,000.

The Limits and You: Maximizing Retirement Savings

401(k) plans are a great way to save for retirement, but there are limits on how much you can contribute every year. These limits may change periodically, so it’s important to check the latest information from the IRS.

2023 Contribution Limits

  • Employee elective deferrals (the amount you contribute from your paycheck) – $22,500
  • Employer matching contributions – $7,500 (or 100% of your compensation, if less)
  • Total limit, including both employee and employer contributions – $66,000

Catch-Up Contributions

If you’re age 50 or older, you can make catch-up contributions in addition to the regular limits.

  • Catch-up contribution limit – $7,500
  • Total limit, including catch-up contributions – $73,500

Table of Contribution Limits

| Contribution Type | Regular Limit | Catch-Up Limit | Total Limit |
|—|—|—|—|
| Employee elective deferrals | $22,500 | N/A | $22,500 |
| Employer matching contributions | $7,500 | N/A | $7,500 |
| Total employee and employer contributions | $30,000 | N/A | $30,000 |
| Employee elective deferrals (age 50+) | $22,500 | $7,500 | $30,000 |
| Total employee and employer contributions (age 50+) | $30,000 | $7,500 | $37,500 |

Maximizing Your Retirement Savings

To maximize your retirement savings, it’s important to contribute as much as you can afford, while staying within the limits.

  • Start contributing early. The sooner you start saving, the more time your money has to grow.
  • Increase your contributions gradually. As your income increases, increase your contribution rate to continue maximizing your savings.
  • Take advantage of employer matching. If your employer offers matching contributions, contribute enough to receive the maximum match.
  • Consider making catch-up contributions. If you’re age 50 or older, consider making catch-up contributions to boost your savings.

Well, there you have it, folks! Now you’re armed with the knowledge of 401(k) contribution limits, so you can start maxing out your retirement savings and securing a comfortable future. Remember, every little bit helps when it comes to building wealth, so don’t be afraid to start small and gradually increase your contributions over time. Thanks for hanging out with me today, and don’t forget to swing by again soon for more financial wisdom and retirement planning tips. Later, dudes!